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Types of Gum Disease

One of the most talked about concerns in dental health is gum disease. When you hear advertisements for oral care products, visit your dentist, or pay attention during those school presentations where they talk about dental health, gum disease is going to be one of the primary topics discussed. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two clinical terms for gum disease, each describing a different level of severity, which can lead to permanent damage to the tissues and structures of your mouth. Read on to learn more about gum disease.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Both gingivitis and periodontitis fall under the term ‘periodontal disease’, which can manifest in a number of ways. All of these manifestations have symptoms that attack the teeth and gums, and can produce lasting damage to all the structures of the oral cavity. The four most talked about forms of this disease are outlined below:

  • Gingivitis – This is the least severe form of periodontal disease, and is the result of poor oral hygiene resulting in plaque that releases toxins that attack the tissues of the oral cavity. While poor oral hygiene is the most contributing factor, those who suffer from diseases like uncontrolled diabetes, are taking steroids or blood pressure medication, or who are pregnant are at higher risk from gingivitis.
  • Chornic Periodontal Disease – Patients aged 45 or more commonly experience chronic periodontal disease, resulting in the destruction of supportive tissue that the body can’t replace. There are treatments that can help stop the progression of this condition, but it will not restore the tissue that has been destroyed. Severe cases may require surgical reconstruction through pocket reduction surgery and tissue grafts to restore normal mouth function.
  • Periodontal Disease Related To Systemic Illness – Poor oral hygiene may be the most common factor leading to periodontal disease, but other habits or chronic systemic illness can also be a contributing factor. Respiratory disease, diabetes, heart disease, and smoking are all known to increase the occurrence of periodontal disease.
  • Necrotizing Periodontal Disease – This term describes a form of periodontal disease that results in the death of oral tissues, and can occur as a result of immunosuppresion, malnutrition, chronic stress, HIV, or a smoking habit. The necrotizing nature of the disease leads to the death of the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, gingival tissues, and other structures of the mouth.

All of these conditions can be treated to some degree, though in the event of destruction of existing tissues the best your physician can do is prevent their advancement. Reconstruction may be necessary depending on the degree of destruction you’ve experienced. Periodontitis is a largely treatable condition that you should take seriously and speak to your dentist about.

Make An Appointment With Rockdale Smile Center Today

If you’ve been fighting periodontal disease and are looking for a dentist that can help get your oral health back on track, contact the Rockdale Smile Center in Rockdale, TX today. Dr. David Pendleton helps patients like you take control of their oral health and get back on track to a beautiful smile every day! Don’t let periodontal disease destroy your smile, call now!

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